Air Foil Bearing
Foil bearings, also known as air foil bearings, are a type of air bearing. A shaft is supported by a compliant, spring-loaded foil journal lining. Once the shaft is spinning quickly enough, the working fluid (usually air) pushes the foil away from the shaft so that there is no more contact. The shaft and foil are separated by the air’s high pressure which is generated by the rotation which pulls gas into the bearing via viscosity effects. A high speed of the shaft with respect to the foil is required to initiate the air gap, and once this has been achieved, no wear occurs. Unlike aero or hydrostaticbearings, foil bearings require no external pressurisation system for the working fluid, so the hydrodynamic bearing is self-starting.